Table 1 shows the mean household income and expenditure disaggregated by district for the period under review (September 2015 to February 2016 inclusive). The obvious discrepancy between Xepon and the other three districts on monthly household income levels (and therefore on expenditure) should not be surprising given the details concerning both the level of household assets and the numbers of income sources that were presented in the cohort-2 baseline review (Marks & Siharat, Feb. 2016).
Beneficiary households from the three “richer” districts (Soukhouma, Mounlapamok and Lao-Ngam) have average incomes and expenditure ranging from almost double (in Soukhouma) to almost three times in Lao-Ngam. This last observation for Lao-Ngam, differs from that found with the households of cohort-1 where the selected beneficiary households were richer than those Xepon but significantly less so than those of Soukhouma;
It is too early to determine whether cohort-2 households in Soukhouma have been selected more rigorously or whether the selection process in Lao-Ngam has been less well performed for cohort-2.
Table 1: Monthly mean income and expenditure during the period September 2015 through February 2016 of cohort-2 households, data disaggregated by district.
|Income / Expenditure per household per month (LAK)|
An interesting point revealed by comparing the average income and expenditures figures for all districts is that income was considerably in excess of expenditure, across the board. The excess was 55% in Soukhouma, 94% in Mounlapamok, 78% in Lao-Ngam and 40% in Xepon. Although unlike the other three districts, Xepon did record two consecutive months (September and October) in which income was considerably lower than expenditure.
For all districts, December 2015 was a month of high income, although households in Lao-Ngam enjoyed even higher average monthly income in December through February, coinciding with the approximate start of the SPSL stipend (see later).